As paper was still relatively expensive and rare in 16th century Italy, artists such as Federico Barocci often used both sides of the paper for their compositions. Art historians use the term recto to refer to the front of the sheet, and verso to refer to the back of the paper.


Study for Creusa
black and white chalk with charcoal and rubbing, incised, squared in black chalk,
on blue paper, 14 7/8 x 10 1/8 in.
Gabinetto Disegni e Stampe degli Uffizi, Polo Museale Fiorentino
Photo: Scala / Ministero per i Beni e le Attività culturali / Art Resource, NY

Study for Aeneas and Anchises