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Portrait of a Woman

Artist
Frans Hals, Dutch, c.1582/1583–1666
Date
c.1650–52
Material
Oil on canvas
Place made
Netherlands, Europe
Classification
Paintings
Current Location
On View, Gallery 222
Dimensions
40 3/8 x 35 in. (102.6 x 88.9 cm)
framed: 52 x 46 1/2 x 3 in. (132.1 x 118.1 x 7.6 cm)
Credit Line
Museum Purchase and funds given by the John M. Olin Charitable Trust, Friends Fund, Mr. and Mrs. Sydney M. Shoenberg Sr., Stella Kuhn and Effie C. Kuhn, Mrs. Clifford W. Gaylord, Mr. Joseph L. Werner, Mr. and Mrs. Daniel K. Catlin, Martha I. Love, Mr. and Mrs. Henry B. Pflager, The Steinberg Charitable Fund, Mr. and Mrs. Lansing W. Thoms, the Weil Charitable Foundation, Mrs. Arthur C. Drefs, and Mr. and Mrs. John P. Meyer
Rights
Public Domain
Object Number
272:1955
NOTES
This portrait of a married woman displays dazzling technique in the freely-painted details of her lace collar and cuffs, signs of the prosperity of her family. While little can be seen of the interior which she inhabits, the suggestion of a corner to the right and her shadow cast upon the wall moves her back into the fictional realm of the painting, making her presence less assertive. Frans Hals, a leading 17th-century Dutch portraitist, made more conservative portraits during the 1650s, limiting his use of color and controlling the extraordinarily sketchy brushstrokes for which he is famous. This image was intended to hang together with that of the woman’s husband, a portrait that is in the collection of the Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art in Kansas City.
by 1897 -
Maurycy Count Zamoyski, Warsaw, Poland [1]

by late 1920s - 1955
Robert Sterling Clark, New York, NY, USA, purchased from Maurycy Count Zamoyski [2]

1955
M. Knoedler & Co., Inc., New York, NY

1955/06/07 -
Saint Louis Art Museum, purchased from M. Knoedler & Co., Inc. [3]


Notes:
The main source for this provenance is the exhibition catalog for the exhibition, "Dutch Paintings in America," cat. no. 28 [Broos, B. P. J. "Great Dutch Paintings from America." The Hague: Mauritshuis; Zwolle: Waanders Publishers, 1990].

[1] Abraham Bredius saw this portrait at the Warsaw residence of Maurycy Count Zamoyski in 1897 [Bredius, Abraham. "Onbekende Rembrandts in Polen, Galicie en Rusland." "De Nederlandsche Spectator" (1897), p. 197].

[2] According to Broos, Clark bought the picture from Count Zamoyski in the late 1920's [Broos, p. 262].

[3] Invoice from M. Knoedler dated June 7, 1955 [SLAM document files]. According to Broos, Knoedler's acted as agent for the sale of the painting from Clark to the Museum [Broos, p. 262]. Minutes of the Administrative Board of Control of the City Art Museum, June 2, 1955.
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