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Paul Cézanne, French, 1839–1906
Oil on canvas
Place depicted
Provence, Western Europe, France, Europe
Current Location
On View, Gallery 218
21 3/8 x 26 in. (54.3 x 66 cm)
framed: 30 5/8 x 34 15/16 x 4 1/4 in. (77.8 x 88.7 x 10.8 cm)
Credit Line
Funds given by Mrs. Mark C. Steinberg
Public Domain
Object Number
A group of male bathers relaxes alongside a riverbank: all are nude with the exception of a single figure to the right who wears trunks. The scene was inspired by the artist’s memories of bathing as a young man in Provence in the south of France. In the distance is the peak of Mont Sainte-Victoire. Cézanne employs his method of repetitive faceted brushmarks, as in the pine tree to the left, and complementary color contrasts, as in the blue river alongside the orange riverbank.
eum, January 5, 1956.- 1906
Ambroise Vollard (1867-1939), Paris, France

1906 - 1926
Claude Monet (1840-1926), Giverny, France [1]

1926 -
Michel Monet (1877-1966), Giverny, France, by inheritance

Paul Rosenberg Gallery, Paris, France [2]

by 1936 - 1955
Mrs. Edith Chester Beatty, London, England, acquired from Paul Rosenberg

1955/03/16 - 1955
Paul Rosenberg & Co., New York, NY, USA, purchased from Mrs. Edith Chester Beatty [3]

1955/11/12 -
Saint Louis Art Museum, purchased from Paul Rosenberg & Co. [4]

The main source for this provenance is the catalogue raisonné, cat. no. 666 [Rewald, John. "The Paintings of Paul Cézanne: A Catalogue Raisonné." New York : H.N. Abrams, 1996]. Exceptions and other supporting documents are noted.

[1] Monet purchased the painting from Ambroise Vollard, who sent it to Monet on March 29, 1906 [Rabinow, Rebecca A., ed. "Cézanne to Picasso: Ambroise Vollard, Patron of the Avant-Garde." New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2006, p. 281, 341]. Monet went on to buy other paintings by Cézanne from Vollard.

[2] This painting appears in Venturi's 1936 catalogue raisonné, published by Paul Rosenberg. Mrs. Edith Chester Beatty is listed as the current owner, with Rosenberg as a previous owner. "Bathers" was in the exhibition "Exposition Cézanne (1839-1906), organisée a l'occasion de son centenaire" at Paul Rosenberg, Paris in March 1939 and at Rosenberg-Helft Ltd., London the same year. Both shows noted the provenance path from Rosenberg to Mrs. Beatty ["Exhibition Cézanne (1839-1906)." Paris: Paul Rosenberg, 1939; "Exhibition Cézanne (1839-1906): To Celebrate His Centenary." London: Rosenberg & Helft, 1939].

[3] This transaction is noted in the records of Paul Rosenberg & Co. [notes of Rosenberg records, SLAM document files].

[4] This transaction is documented by a bill of sale dated November 12, 1955, inventory number 5601 [SLAM document files]. Minutes of the Administrative Board of Control of the City Art Mus
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