Skip to main content


Vereinigte Werkstätten für Kunst im Handwerk, Munich, Germany, 1897–1991
Bruno Paul, German, 1874–1968
K. M. Seifert & Co., Dresden-Löbtau, Germany
Made in
Dresden-Löbtau, Saxony, Germany, Europe
Associated with
Munich, Bavaria, Germany, Europe
Lighting, metalwork
Current Location
On View, Gallery 242
17 1/8 x 27 1/8 x 9 in. (43.5 x 68.9 x 22.9 cm)
Credit Line
Museum Shop Fund
© Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York, NY / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn
Object Number
This candelabra for 13 candles is often compared to the fanned tail of a peacock when the arms are aligned in this position or to a branching tree when they are rotated. Despite these subtle references to nature, the conical candle sockets and base are ornamented only with lines. They mark a departure from other Jugendstil, or Youth Style, designs that more directly imitate organic forms. Designers Bruno Paul and Richard Riemerschmid, whose punch bowl is exhibited nearby, were among the architects, craftsmen, and manufacturers who formed the Vereinigte Werkstätten für Kunst im Handwerk, or the United Workshops for Art in Craft. The United Workshops sought to produce affordable modern design and advance the stature of German art industries.
Private Collection, Munich, Germany

Private Collection, London, England

- 1995
Historical Design, Inc., New York, NY, USA, purchased from private collector in London [1]

1995 -
Saint Louis Art Museum, purchased from Historical Design, Inc. [2]

[1] Historical Design, Inc. provided the provenance information, without dates, in a faxed letter to Museum curator, Cara McCarty, dated March 31, 2003 [SLAM document files].

[2] Invoice dated July 18, 1995 [SLAM document files]. Minutes of the Collections Committee of the Board of Trustees, Saint Louis Art Museum, September 7, 1995.
Scroll back to top