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Robert Hay Drummond, D. D. Archbishop of York and Chancellor of the Order of the Garter

Sir Joshua Reynolds, English, 1723–1792
Oil on canvas
Made in
England, Europe
Current Location
On View, Gallery 204
50 x 40 in. (127 x 101.6 cm)
Credit Line
Gift of James F. Ballard
Public Domain
Object Number
In this monumental portrait, Robert Hay Drummond wears regalia indicating both his secular and ecclesiastical offices. His massive blue robe, tied with long silk cords, bears the insignia of the Order of the Knights of the Garter (a prestigious group founded in the 14th century in service to the king) on his right shoulder. Drummond wears the traditional linen collar favored by clergy and rests his left hand on an especially elaborate purse, symbolizing the distribution of alms to the poor, one of his duties as Royal Almoner. The frontal pose and voluminous drapery suggest a powerful individual.
- 1913
George Hay-Drummond (1855-1916), 13th Earl of Kinnoull, Scotland, by inheritance from the Earls of Kinnoull [1]

Sulley and Co., London, England, purchased from the Earl of Kinnoull

Vose Gallery, Boston, MA, purchased from Sulley and Co.

1913 - 1930
James F. Ballard (1851-1931), St. Louis, MO, purchased from the Vose Gallery

1930 -
Saint Louis Art Museum, gift of James F. Ballard [2]

The main source for this provenance is the Vose Gallery invoice book dating to 1913 [copy in SLAM document files].

[1] According to the Vose Gallery invoice book, the present Earl of Kinnoull sold the painting of Robert Hay Drummond, 7th Earl of Kinnoull, to Sulley and Co. in 1913. The present Earl of Kinnoull was George Hay-Drummond, 13th Earl of Kinnoull, and the painting likely passed down through the family.

[2] Minutes of the Administrative Board of Control of the City Art Museum, November 20, 1930.
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