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Madonna and Child Enthroned with Sts. Peter, John the Baptist, Dominic, and Nicholas of Bari

Piero di Cosimo, Italian, 1461/62–1521(?)
Tempera and oil on panel
Made in
Florence, Tuscany, Italy, Europe
Current Location
On View, Gallery 222
panel: 69 3/4 in. x 47 in. x 5 in. (177.2 x 119.4 x 12.7 cm)
framed: 105 1/4 x 63 3/8 in. (267.3 x 161 cm)
Credit Line
Museum Purchase
Public Domain
Object Number
In a lifelike rendering, this large panel portrays a sacra conversazione (holy conversation) where saints surround the Madonna and Child in a unified pictorial space. Piero di Cosimo’s approach is far removed from the compartmentalized divisions in Lorenzo di Nicolo’s altarpiece elsewhere in this gallery. Here, Saint Peter presents the kneeling Saint Dominic (left) while Saint John the Baptist announces Christ’s ministry, and Saint Nicholas kneels in devotion (right). The three smaller panels, called a predella, depict scenes from the lives of Saints Dominic, John, and Nicholas. The Pugliese coat of arms adorns the frame, identifying the Florentine family who commissioned the work for its private chapel.
c.1485/1490 -
Francesco del Pugliese, Florence, Italy, commissioned from the artist [1]

- 1859
John Rushout, 2nd Baron of Northwick (1770-1859), Thirlestane House, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, England [2]

- 1928
Henry Archibald Douglas Pelham-Clinton (1864-1928), 7th Duke of Newcastle, Clumber Park, Nottinghamshire, England [3]

1928 - 1937
Henry Edward Hugh Pelham-Clinton-Hope (1907-1988), 9th Duke of Newcastle, Clumber Park, Nottinghamshire, England, by inheritance [4]

1937/06/04 -
Paul Bottenwieser, Berlin, Germany, purchased at the "Lincoln" sale of the Pelham-Clinton-Hope collection, Christie's, London, June 4, 1937, lot no. 22 [5]

by 1938 -
Mercuria A.G., Lucerne, Switzerland, and M. Knoedler & Co., London, England; New York, NY, USA; Paris, France (owned jointly) [6]

- 1940
Arnold Seligmann, Rey and Co., Inc., New York, NY, USA

1940 -
Saint Louis Art Museum, purchased from Arnold Seligmann, Rey and Co., Inc. [7]

[1] According to a letter dated November 25, 1939 from Paul M. Byk of Arnold Seligmann, Rey and Co., Inc., the coat of arms on the altarpiece has been identified as that of Francesco del Pugliese [SLAM document files].

[2] On July 26, 1859, the picture was in a sale of the collection of the late Lord Northwick at Thirlestane House ["Catalogue of the Late Lord Northwick's Extensive and Magnificent Collection." London: Phillips, July 26, 1859, lot no. 850].

[3] Henry Archibald Douglas Pelham-Clinton died without children. According to the auction catalog for the 1937 sale, Henry Edward Hugh Pelham-Clinton-Hope inherited the picture from his uncle, Henry Archibald Douglas Pelham-Clinton ["Catalogue of Pictures by Old Masters, The Property of the Honourable Earl of Lincoln." London: Christie's, June 4, 1937]. Hope also inherited the Earldom of Lincoln and Clumber Park from his uncle. He succeeded his father in the Dukedom of Newcastle in 1941 [Getty Provenance Index; SLAM document files].

[4] See note [3].

[5] This sale is known as the Lincoln sale because Pelham-Clinton-Hope, who inherited the Earldom of Lincoln, had not yet succeeded the Dukedom of Newcastle [Getty Provenance Index; SLAM document files]. The auction catalog from the Getty Research Institute (see note [3]) is annotated with "Bottenweisser" as the buyer. According to the Getty Provenance of Paintings, Paul Bottenwieser was a Berlin art dealer whose address was at Bellevuestrasse 5.

[6] According to the Getty Provenance of Paintings database, Mercuria A.G. sold half their shares to Knoedler & Co., which accounts for the joint ownership of this object [printout, SLAM document files]. The Getty gives Knoedler's stock number as A1968.

[7] Minutes of the Administrative Board of Control of the City Art Museum, January 4, 1940.
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