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Madame Roulin

Paul Gauguin, French, 1848–1903
Augustine Alix Roulin, French, 1851–1930
Oil on canvas
Place made
Arles, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, Western Europe, France, Europe
Current Location
Not on view
19 7/8 x 25 in. (50.5 x 63.5 cm)
framed: 30 11/16 in. x 36 in. x 4 1/8 in. (77.9 x 91.4 x 10.5 cm)
Credit Line
Funds given by Mrs. Mark C. Steinberg
Public Domain
Object Number
Paul Gauguin produced this portrait during a tempestuous two months spent in the company of Vincent van Gogh at Arles in the south of France. The portly sitter was the local postman’s wife, and Gauguin focused on her ruddy complexion and reddish-brown hair. He has also painted areas of flat, abstracted color; the sitter’s form is strongly outlined in Prussian blue while a schematic version of one of the artist’s own pictures, Blue Trees, is visible on the wall behind.
1943; Malingue, Maurice. "Gauguin: le peintre et son oeuvre." Paris: Presses de la Cité, 1948; Dovski, Lee van. "Paul Gauguin oder Die Flucht vor der Zivilisation." Olten-Bern: Delphi-Verlag, 1950; Rewald, John. "Post-impressionism: From van Gogh to Gauguin." New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1956].

[3] In 1956, "Madame Roulin" was included in the sale of the estate of a "Mr. M..." ["Collection de Feu Mr. M… Importants Tableaux Modernes: Aquarelles, Pastels, Dessins." Hôtel Drouot, Paris, May 31, 1956, no. 16]. Two annotated copies of the auction catalogue indicate that "Mr. M" is "Mr. Marcelin" [annotated photocopies of auction catalogue, SLAM document files]. It is unclear if Marcelin is the private collector identified as the owner of "Madame Roulin" in the publications of 1944, 1948, 1950, and 1956 (see note [2]).

[4] See auction catalogue cited in note [3].

[5] Minutes of the Administrative Board of Control and the Advisory Committee of the City Art Museum, January 8, 1959.
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