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Panoramic Landscape with Shepherds

Artist
Aelbert Cuyp, Dutch, 1620–1691
Date
1640–45
Material
Oil on panel
Made in
Dordrecht, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands, Europe
Classification
Paintings
Current Location
On View, Gallery 238
Dimensions
30 1/4 x 42 1/8 in. (76.8 x 107 cm)
Credit Line
Friends Fund
Rights
Public Domain
Object Number
23:1967
NOTES
The flat horizon line and the subtle tones of the sky and reflective water surfaces are the major focus of this painting, rather than the humans or their bovine companions. Aelbert Cuyp uses delicate shifts in the color of the sky as well as a limited amber palette to describe the land and its inhabitants. While some of his contemporaries depicted a cloudy and misty sky, sunlight is often an important element in Cuyp’s pictures.
by 1904 - still in 1909
Léopold Goldschmidt (1830-1904), Paris, France [1]

by 1928/1929 -
Galerie van Diemen, Berlin, Germany [2]

by 1940 - 1956
Jakob Goldschmidt (d.1955), New York, NY, USA [3]

1956/11/28
In auction, "Important Old Master and Modern Paintings" from the property of the estate of Jakob Goldschmidt, Sotheby & Co., London, November 28, 1956, lot no. 120 [4]

by 1960 -
Mr. and Mrs. Walter Bareiss, Greenwich, CT, USA [5]

- 1967
E. V. Thaw & Co., Inc. (Eugene Victor Thaw), New York, NY

1967 -
Saint Louis Art Museum, purchased from E. V. Thaw & Co., Inc. [6]


Notes:
[1] Listed in the collection of the late Léopold Goldschmidt [C. Hofstede de Groot. "Beschreibendes und kritisches Verzeichnis der Werke der hervorragendsten holländischen Maler des XVII. Jahrhunderts." Esslingen: Paul Neff Verlag, 1908, Bd. II, no. 704; C. Hofstede de Groot. "A Catalogue Raisonné of the Works of the Most Eminent Dutch Painters of the Seventeenth Century." London: Macmillan and Co., Ltd., 1909, no. 704].

[2] According to a note from the Rijksbureau for Kunsthistorische Dokumentatie, The Hague, the painting is listed in an album of the Galerie van Diemen [SLAM document files].

[3] Jakob Goldschmidt (unrelated to Léopold Goldschmidt) was a German banker, financier, and leading collector of late 19th-century French art, who was the head of the Darmstadt bank in pre-Hitler days. In 1933 Goldschmidt fled Nazi Germany and came to New York, where he was a generous lender to the Metropolitan Museum and the Museum of Modern Art. In 1940 he lent this painting to the New York World‘s Fair [Pach, Walter. "Catalogue of European and American Paintings 1500-1900: New York World's Fair 1940." New York: Art Aid Corporation, 1940]. He most likely brought this painting with him when he emigrated to the United States in 1933.

[4] Sotheby's held a sale of works from Goldschmidt's estate in November of 1956. Among these was the Cuyp, which did not sell [Email from Isabel von Klitzing, Sotheby's London, dated March 25, 2002, SLAM document files]. An annotated copy of the sale catalogue, however, indicates R.G. Fellowes as buyer [annotated Sotheby's sale catalogue, copy in SLAM document files].

[5] According to a label on the stretcher, Mr. and Mrs. Walter Bareiss lent the painting to an exhibition at Yale University in 1960 ["Paintings, Drawings and Sculpture Collected by Yale Alumni." Yale University, May 19 - June 26, 1960]. The ownership is further confirmed by E. V. Thaw & Co., Inc., as referenced in the bill of sale to the Saint Louis Art Museum [SLAM document files].

[6] Minutes of the Administrative Board of Control and Associate Members of the Board of Control of the City Art Museum, May 11, 1967.
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