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Elvira Resting at a Table

Amedeo Modigliani, Italian (active France), 1884–1920
Oil on canvas
Place made
Paris, Île-de-France, Western Europe, France, Europe
Current Location
Not on view
36 1/2 × 23 13/16 in. (92.7 × 60.5 cm)
framed: 44 1/2 × 32 1/16 × 3 1/16 in. (113 × 81.4 × 7.8 cm)
Credit Line
Gift of Joseph Pulitzer Jr. in memory of his wife, Louise Vauclain Pulitzer
Public Domain
Object Number
Amedeo Modigliani depicts the elongated face and figure of this young working-class woman, known only by her first name. The artist often painted Elvira, sometimes clothed but also nude. Modigliani, an Italian by birth, moved to Paris early in his career and became a central figure in the avant-garde “School of Paris,” an artist group based around Montparnasse. This late work, painted the year before Modigliani’s death from tuberculosis, demonstrates the artist’s trademark interest in stylized forms, as in the bright blue, almond-shaped eyes.
Léopold Zborowski (1889-1932), Paris, France [1]

Simon Collection, Paris, France

by 1929 - still in 1934
Paul Guillaume (1891-1934), Paris, France [2]

Alex Reid & Lefevre, Ltd. (A. J. McNeill Reid), London, England [3]

- 1936
Valentine Gallery (Valentine Dudensing), New York, NY, USA

1936 - 1968
Joseph Pulitzer Jr. (1913-1993), St. Louis, MO, purchased from Valentine Gallery [4]

1968 -
Saint Louis Art Museum, given by Joseph Pulitzer Jr. [5]

[1] Léopold Zborowski set up his art trade in 1916, and by 1918 had established himself as Modigliani's exclusive dealer.

[2] A 1929 publication lists this painting in the collection of Paul Guillaume, with Simon and Zborowski as former collections [Pfannstiel, Arthur. "Modigliani." Paris: Éditions Marcel Seheur, 1929]. This painting was also lent by Guillaume under the title "Elvire, enfant du peuple," for an exhibition in 1933 ["Modigliani." Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, November 1933, cat. 48] and again in 1934 for an exhibition at the Kunsthalle Basel ["Modigliani." Kunsthalle Basel, January 7 - February 4, 1934, cat. 40].

[3] SLAM records list McNeill Reid in the provenance, while published sources list Reid & Lefevre, London [Patani, Osvaldo. "Amedeo Modigliani Catalogo Generale". Milan: Leonardo, 1991, cat. 283; and "Amedeo Modigliani 1884-1920." Musée d'Art Moderne de la ville de Paris, 1981, cat. 72; SLAM document files]. The dealer A. J. McNeill Reid was the son of the founder of Alex Reid & Lefevre, Ltd.

[4] Joseph Pulitzer purchased the painting from Valentine Gallery March 2, 1936 [SLAM document files].

[5] Minutes of the Administrative Board of Control and Associate Members of the Board of Control of the City Art Museum, December 28, 1968.
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