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Woman’s Lower Body Wrapper (kain panjang) with Design of Double-winged and Fan-tailed Garuda (sawat gurdo) amidst Flowering Plants

Artist Culture
Javanese
Date
1930s–1940s
Material
Plain-weave cotton with hand-drawn wax-resist decoration (batik tulis) with natural and synthetic dyes
Made in
Banyumas, Central Java province, Indonesia, Asia
Classification
Costume & clothing, textiles
Current Location
On View, Gallery 101
Dimensions
41 5/16 × 107 1/2 in. (105 × 273 cm)
Credit Line
William K. Bixby Trust for Asian Art, by exchange
Rights
Public Domain
Object Number
473:2018
NOTES
This batik features a bold pattern of Javanese mythical birds (garuda or gurdo) with open wings and fantails, a combination known as sawat. Here there are two variations of the sawat gurdo motif, one slightly larger and wider than the other. They are arranged so that each type is positioned in vertical columns or as horizontal rows. These sawat gurdo are set among flowering plants against a background pattern of small curls. The overall style of this textile is known as Matheron or Materos, with red, blue, and black colors on an ivory background inspired by Dutch taste. The red wavelike border on one of the short sides as well as the lower end is a signature element of batiks from the inland Javanese city of Banyumas.
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