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Twilight in the Wilderness

Alfred Thompson Bricher, American, 1837–1908
Oil on canvas
Made in
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, North and Central America
New Hampshire, United States, North and Central America
Current Location
On View, Gallery 336
20 1/8 x 42 in. (51.1 x 106.7 cm)
framed: 31 x 52 7/8 in. (78.7 x 134.3 cm)
Credit Line
Friends Fund, funds given by Jeanne and Rex Sinquefield and Eleanor Moore; bequest of Friederike Gottfried, gift of Nellie Ballard White, Whitaker Charitable Foundation, Mrs. Willard Bartlett, Howard Russell Butler Jr., and James F. Ballard, by exchange
Public Domain
Object Number
"Twilight in the Wilderness" depicts a vibrant sunset of orange, yellow, and purple set against a stand of trees and an open field dotted with the changing colors of autumn. For this work, Alfred T. Bricher adopted a long view, which serves to generalize the scenery, while drawing into sharp focus the painting’s dominant subject—the blazing sunset. Painted at the close of the Civil War, such dramatic representations of natural phenomena often took on emblematic meaning related to the difficulties facing the nation.
by 1973 - still in 1974
Mr. and Mrs. William Postar, Boston, MA [1]

1992 - 1994
Alexander Gallery, New York, NY, acquired at public auction, owned jointly with Michael Altman Fine Art, New York, NY [2]

1994 - 2006
Jane and Richard Manoogian, Grosse Point Farms, MI, purchased from Alexander Gallery and Michael Altman Fine Art [3]

2006 - 2007
Michael Altman Fine Art & Advisory Service, New York, NY, purchased from Jane and Richard Manoogian [4]

2007 -
Saint Louis Art Museum, purchased from Michael Altman Fine Art & Advisory Service

The main source for this provenance is the information sheet from Michael Altman Fine Art [SLAM document files].

[1] Mr. and Mrs. William Postar are named as the owners in a 1973-1974 exhibition catalogue ["Alfred Thompson Bricher, 1837-1908." Indianapolis: Indianapolis Museum of Art, 1973, no. 6].

[2] Notes from a voicemail message from Laurel Esavito, May 24, 2007 from Alexander Gallery [SLAM document files]. According to Ms. Esavito, Alexander Gallery acquired the painting at public auction in 1992, possibly from Sotheby's. However, the painting does not show up on any auction searches for that year. Ms. Esavito stated that she would check Alexander Gallery's paper files for additional provenance information. Alexander Gallery co-owned the painting with Michael Altman Fine Art [email from Kate Lester of Michael Altman Fine Art, dated June 7, 2007, SLAM document files].

[3] The email from Kate Lester of Michael Altman Fine Art also states that the painting was sold to Manoogian in 1994 and then bought back by Michael Altman Fine Art in 2006 (see note [2]).

[4] See note [3].

[5] Bill of sale from Michael Altman Fine Art, dated July 20, 2007 [SLAM document files]. Minutes of the Collections Committee of the Board of Trustees, Saint Louis Art Museum, June 26, 2007; and the Minutes of the Board of Commissioners, Saint Louis Art Museum, June 11, 2007.
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